In the east the Empire was overrun by the Seljuk Turks; from the north Bulgarians and Vlachs descended unchecked to ravage the plains of Macedonia and Thrace, and Kaloyan of Bulgaria annexed several important cities, while Alexius squandered the public treasure on his palaces and gardens and attempted to deal with the crisis through diplomatic means. Eudokia Palaiologina; m.Demetrios Tsamplakon, F2. In 1195, while Isaac II was away hunting in Thrace, Alexius was acclaimed as emperor by the troops with the conniving of Alexios' wife Euphrosyne Ducaena Camatera. ALEXIOS III Komnenos Angelos, Emperor of Byzantium (1195-1203), +imprisoned in Nicaea after 1211; m.Euphrosyne Dukaina Kamaterina (+1211), D1. Eirene Komnene; m.1237/38 Tsar Ivan Asen II of the Bulgarians (+1241), C4. Alexios I had overcome a dangerous crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire, inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success. A1. Alexius III was relegated to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died later in 1211. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Anna Angelina, who married (1) the sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos, great-nephew of emperor Manuel I Comnenus, and (2) Theodore Lascaris, emperor of Nicaea. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alexius-III-Angelus, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Alexius III. The next morning the Crusaders were surprised to find that the citizens had released Isaac II from prison and proclaimed him emperor, despite the fact that he had been blinded to make him ineligible to rule. Alexios III finally took action, and led 17 divisions from the St. Romanus Gate, vastly outnumbering the crusaders. [illegitimate] Ioannes Dukas Komnenos, Archon of Neaipatrai, +ca 1289; m.before 1259 a dau.of the Vlach Voivode Taronas, F1. Trying to escape Boniface's "protection", Alexius III attempted to seek shelter with Michael I Ducas, the ruler of Epirus, in 1205. Thomas Komnenodukas, Despot and Archon of Epirus and Aetolia, *1288/89, +murdered by his uncle Nicholas Orsini, Count of Cephalonia 1318; m.1313 Anna Palaiologina (+1321), F2. In 1202 the Western princes assembled at Venice launched the Fourth Crusade. He then took refuge in the church of Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to the populace. Father of Anna Komnene Angelina Lascarina; Eirene Angelina and Eudokia Angelina Alexius III took no efficient measures to resist, and his attempts to bribe the crusaders failed. In the ensuing fighting, the crusaders set the city on fire, ultimately leaving 20,000 people homeless. Anna Komnene Angelina, *ca 1156, +1212; 1m: before 1190 Isaakios Komnenos (+after 1196); 2m: 1199 Theodoros I Laskaris, Emperor in Nicaea (+1222), D3. To compensate for this crime and to solidify his position as emperor, Alexios had to scatter money so lavishly as to empty his treasury, and to allow such licence to the officers of the army as to leave the Empire practically defenceless. Ioannes Angelos, a military leader in Italy. He consummated the financial ruin of the state. Alexios III., unterstützt von Kai Chosrau I., dem Sultan von Rûm (auch Ikonion oder Konya genannt), forderte von Laskaris die Krone zurück, und wandte sich gegen ihn, als dieser sich weigerte. In the east the Empire was overrun by the Seljuk Turks; from the north Bulgarians and Vlachs descended unchecked to ravage the plains of Macedonia and Thrace, and Kaloyan of Bulgaria annexed several important cities, while Alexius squandered the public treasure on his palaces and gardens and attempted to deal with the crisis through diplomatic means. On 18 July 1203 the Crusaders launched an assault on the city, and Alexios III immediately fled into Thrace. Alexius III Angelus, also spelled Alexios III Angelos, (died 1211, Nicaea, Nicaean empire [now İznik, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Alexios I had overcome a dangerous crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire, inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success. Finally, in 1114, Alexios instigated the coup d'etat, overthrowing her half-sister. Die fähige und tatkräftige Kaiserin Euphrosyne versuchte vergebens, dagegenzuhalten, jedoch wurde ihr bester Berater bei ihren Reformversuchen, Vatatzes, auf Befehl des Kaisers ermordet. Isaakios Angelos, military governor of Kilikia, C1. gemeinsam mit Alexios Murtzuphlos, den Thron zurückzuerobern. Alexius was crowned emperor on the 1st of August 1203 AD, but his reign was unstable right from the beginning. Anna Angelina, who married (1) the sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos, great-nephew of emperor Manuel I Comnenus, and (2) Theodore Lascaris, emperor of Nicaea. Demetrios Michael Dukas Komnenos Kutrules, +after 1304; 1m: 1278 Anna Palaiologina (*1260, +1299/1300); 2m: 1301 Anna of Bulgaria (+after 1304), F1. Andronikos was himself a son of Theodora Komnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. Reigns. On July 18, 1203 the Crusaders launched an assault on the city, and Alexios III immediately fled into Thrace. Andronikos Angelos, hostage to Frederick Barbarossa, D2. Byzantine authority survived, but in a much weakened state. Unfortunately for Constantinople, Alexius III's misgovernment had left the Byzantine navy with only 20 worm-eaten hulks by the time the Crusaders arrived. Konstantinos Palaiologos, +after 1345; m.NN, G1. Alexius, joined by the sultan of Iconium (modern Konya, Turkey), demanded Theodore’s crown and, when it was refused, marched against him. He was the second son of Andronicus Angelus, grandson of Alexius I. 1211 - Prisoner in Nicaea, Now, Iznik, Turkey, Andronikos Dukas Angelo, Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa, Andronikos Doukas Angelos, Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa, Anna Komnene Angelina, Eirene Komnene Angelina, Byzantium, (Constantinople), Istanbul, Turkey, Lithuanian: Aleksijas III Komnenos D'anjou, Bizantijos Imperatorius, General Andronikos Doukas Angelos, Doukas Angelos, Alexios Iii Emperor Byzantine Byzantine Emperor Komnenos Angelos Imperator (Von Byzanz), http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moa;cc=moa;idno=acl3129.0001.001;q1=demosthenes;size=l;frm=frameset;seq=145;page=root;view=image, http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexios_III._%28Byzanz%29, http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant4.html, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/14568/Alexius-III-Angelus. Fourth Crusade ended this period of Byzantine history; the empire was in ruins. But his courage failed, and the Byzantine army returned to the city without a fight. Alexios III., in Vergnügen versunken, leistete keinen wirklichen Widerstand. Home. Alexios captured Isaac at Stagira in Macedonia, put out his eyes, and thenceforth kept him a close prisoner, though he had been redeemed by him from captivity at Antioch and loaded with honours. Alexios III Angelos was the second son of … Zoe Angelina; m.Andronikos Synadenos, military gov of Durazzo (+1180), A4. Alexios III. Geni requires JavaScript! Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne Castamonitissa. 1204: Alexios V, precipitated Byzantine emperor. Byantium led by Alexios I Komnenos is a custom civilization mod by JFD and Janboruta, with contributions from Tarcisio, and Regalman. In 1195, Isaac’s older brother deposed, blinded, and imprisoned him and became Emperor Alexios III Angelos (r. 1195-1203) and if Isaac II’s reign was already corrupt and disastrous for Byzantium, Alexios III’s was even worse for he did not seem to care about the issues of the Bulgarians growing, instead he was only focused on the pleasures of being emperor and that he held the title of it, worse he … Finally, he went to Asia Minor, where his son-in-law Theodore Lascaris was holding his own against the Latins. Captured by Boniface, Alexius III and his retinue were sent to Montferrat, before being brought back to Thessalonica c. 1209. Konstantinos Angelos, Duke of Crete, blinded by Emp Isaakios II Angelos, B5. Home page; Fox Stanley Swift Deans Proud Family; Lists; Alexios ANGELOS III Age: 68 1143 – 1211 Andronikos Dukas Angelos, a military leader in Asia Minor, *ca 1222, +after 1185; m.before 1155 Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa (*ca 1125 +after 1195), C1. Alexios III Angelos (Greek: Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. He had also profoundly altered the nature of the Byzantine government. THEODOROS I Komnenos Dukas Angelos, Emp of Thessalonica, +in prison in Nicaea shortly after 1253; m.before 1210 Maria Dukaina Komnene Petraliphaina, D1. Aspron Trachy-Münze in Elektronlegierung. Andronikos was himself a son of Theodora Komnene Angelina, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina. To compensate for this crime and to solidify his position as emperor, Alexios had to scatter money so lavishly as to empty his treasury, and to allow such licence to the officers of the army as to leave the Empire practically defenceless. [2m.] Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Alexios III Megas Komnenos (translit, 5 October 1338 – 20 March 1390), or Alexius III, was Emperor of Trebizond from December 1349 until his death. Brother of Irini Angelina Kaloioannis; Zoja Sinadina; Maria Angelina; Theodora Angelina; Angelina Kaloioannis and 6 others; Theodoros Kaloioannis; Isaac II Angelos, Byzantine Emperor; Konstantinos Angelos; Manolis Komnenos; Ioannes Angelos and Andronikos Angelos « less, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexios_III_Angelos. His son-in-law, Theodore Lascaris, who was the only one to attempt anything significant, was defeated at Scutari, and the siege of Constantinople began. NIKEPHOROS I Dukas Komnenos, Despot of Epirus, *1240, +1296; 1m: 1256 Maria Laskarina of Nicaea (+1258); 2m: 1264/65 Anna Kantakuzene (+1313), F1. Ratings. Alexios III Angelos (Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (1211) was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to July 17/18, 1203. The emperor's attempts to bolster the empire's defenses by special concessions to Byzantine and Bulgarian notables in the frontier zone backfired, as the latter built up regional autonomy. Thus Alexios Angelos was a member of the extended imperial family. Alexios III Angelos (Greek: Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) (c. 1153–1211) was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to July 17/18, 1203. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- http://genealogy.euweb.cz/byzant/byzant4.html One Manolis Angelos from Philadelphia, had issue: NOTE: Although they were members of the Angelos family, they often bore other surnames. Eudocia Angelina, who married (1) King Stefan I Prvovenčani of Serbia, then (2) Emperor Alexius V, and (3) Leo Sgouros, ruler of Corinth. Eudokia Angelina; m.Gudelios Tsykandeles, B7. The Normans were driven out of Greece in 1185. Rulers of Byzantium INDEX PAGE Last updated 8th December 2003, -----------------------------------------, http://hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/III._Alexiosz_biz%C3%A1nci_cs%C3%A1sz%C3%A1r. K. Varzos, Ē genealogia tōn Komnēnōn (Thessalonica, 1984) Plate, William (1867). This mod requires Brave New World, and works best with Gazebo's Community Patch. By seeking close alliances with powerful noble families, Alexios put an end to the tradition of imperial exclusivity and coopted most of the nobility into his extended family and, through it, his government. Soon Alexios was threatened by a new and yet more formidable danger. December 25th, 2014 Headsman. Trying to escape Boniface's "protection", Alexius III attempted to seek shelter with Michael I Ducas, the ruler of Epirus, in 1205. The struggle between these two brothers eventually lured the Fourth Crusade to Constantinople (now Istanbul), ultimately causing the destruction of the empire in 1204.…, …fled to join the fugitive Alexius III. Alexius attempted to organize a resistance to the new regime from Adrianople and then Mosynopolis, where he was joined by the later usurper Alexius V Ducas Murtzuphlus in April 1204, after the definitive fall of Constantinople to the crusaders and the establishment of the Latin Empire. Death of Alexios III, Byzantine Emperor at n Empire ... "Αλέξιος Γ' Άνγελος", "Emperor Alexis III of the East", "Alexis Komnene Angelina", Empereur, Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203, Kejsare i Byzan 1195-1203, inspärrad i Nococia, Roman Emperor, Emperor Byziantine Empire, Bizantine Emperor. [edit]Family, By his marriage to Euphrosyne Doucaena Camaterina Alexios had three daughters: Eirene Angelina, who married (1) Andronicus Contostephanus, and (2) Alexius Palaeologus, by whom she was the grandmother of Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus. Bribing the western mercenaries guarding the city, the rebels entered Constantinople in triumph, meeting little resistance on April 1, 1081. Alexius, joined by the sultan of Iconium (modern Konya, Turkey), demanded Theodore’s crown and, when it was refused, marched against him. Er war der zweite Sohn des Andronikos Angelos, eines Neffen des Kaisers Alexios II. Finally, he went to Asia Minor, where his son-in-law Theodore Lascaris was holding his own against the Latins. His courtiers demanded action, and Alexius promised to fight. Eirene Komnene Angelina, +after 1203; 1m: Andronikos Kontostephanos (+1196); 2m: 1199 Alexios Palaiologos, D2. Anna Angelina, who married (1) the sebastokrator Isaac Komnenos, great-nephew of emperor Manuel I Comnenus, and (2) Theodore Lascaris, emperor of Nicaea. Son of General Andronikos Doukas Angelos, Doukas Angelos and Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa Campaigns against the Bulgars ended in defeat (1195 and 1196), and intrigues and diplomacy were equally unsuccessful because the new Bulgarian ruler, Kalojan, acknowledged the pope’s supremacy instead of that of Constantinople. Ioannes Komnenos, Emp of Thessalonica, +1244, D2. Helene Dukaina Tornikina Komnene; m.ca 1288 Alexios Raul (+1303), E2. Später suchte er Schutz bei Michael I. Angelos, Despot von Epirus, und wandte sich dann nach Kleinasien, wo sein Schwiegersohn Laskaris noch Widerstand gegen die Lateiner leistete. The Palaeologan dynasty. Under the year 1204, in the ac-count of the conquest of Constantinople by the crusaders, we read: They came to Tsarigrad by sea and were unprepared to capture Alexios Angelos, the Greek Emperor. On April 18, Alexios was coronated as Emperor and Autocrat of Romans . Ioannes Dukas, imprisoned and blinded 1280, +committed suicide 1281/9; m.N, a dau.of Konstantinos Tornikes, F1. [parentage not certain] Jelena, +1298/9; m.ca 1276 (repudiated 1283) Stephen Uros, King of Serbia (+1321), E8. Helene Komnenodukaina, heiress of Lamia and Larissa; 1m: Guillaume de la Roche-sur-Yon, Duke of Athens (+1287); 2m: 1291 Hugues de Brienne, Cte di Lecce, F5. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Ducaena. Alexius III Angelus, also spelled Alexios III Angelos (died 1211, Nicaea, Nicaean empire [now İznik, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Alexios, Sohn des abgesetzten Isaak, floh aus Konstantinopel und appellierte an die Kreuzfahrer, versprach ihnen die Aufhebung des Morgenländischen Schismas zwischen der Katholischen und der Orthodoxen Kirche, falls sie ihm helfen würden, seinen Onkel abzusetzen. Alexios captured Isaac at Stagira in Macedonia, put out his eyes, and thenceforth kept him a close prisoner, though he had been redeemed by him from captivity at Antioch and loaded with honours. He was the second son of Andronicus Angelus, grandson of Alexius I. Together with his father and brothers, Alexios had conspired against Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (c. 1183), and thus he spent several years in exile in Muslim courts, including that of Saladin. In the ensuing fighting, the crusaders set the city on fire, ultimately leaving 20,000 people homeless. His actions provoked a riot, which resulted in the deposition of Andronicus I, and the proclamation of Isaac II Angelus as emperor. Nevertheless, Alexios was afraid of them. Here Alexius III eventually surrendered, with Euphrosyne, to Marquis Boniface of Montferrat, who was establishing himself as ruler of the Kingdom of Thessalonica. Konstantinos Komnenos Dukas, Archon of Neaipatrai, +1303; m.Anna Evagionissa (+1317), G1. Alexius III took no efficient measures to resist, and his attempts to bribe the crusaders failed. Taken prisoner by Theodore in 1211, Alexius was sent to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died. The emperor's attempts to bolster the empire's defenses by special concessions to Byzantine and Bulgarian notables in the frontier zone backfired, as the latter built up regional autonomy. Während der Kämpfe und des folgenden Gemetzels versteckte sich Alexios III. When he was eleven years old, he was sent to Trebizond by Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos to replace his deposed great-uncle Michael, who had been an instrument of the regency Kantakouzenos had displaced. Maria Komnene Dukaina; m.1292/93 Giovanni Orsini, Ct of Cephallenia (+1317), F5. But his courage failed, and the Byzantine army returned to the city without a fight. Updates? His son-in-law, Theodore Lascaris, who was the only one to attempt anything significant, was defeated at Scutari, and the siege of Constantinople began. Andronikos Palaiologos, +drowned 1344; m.N, a dau.of Alexios Apokaukos, G3. Konstantinos Komnenos Dukas, pretender to Byzantine throne 1204, military governor of Aetolia, +after 1242, C5. Those who did not become part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige. Alexios wurde in ein Kloster bei Nicäa gesteckt, wo er zu einem unbekannten Zeitpunkt starb. Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Alexius was duly proclaimed emperor by his troops and marched on Constantinople. in William Smith. Age. He was then captured by the Crusaders, who put him to death as the murderer of Alexius IV by casting him from the top of a column in Constantinople.…. Battles. Alexius III was relegated to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died later in 1211. Alexius III fled the capital with what treasure he could collect and escaped to Thrace. Captured by Boniface, Alexius III and his retinue were sent to Montferrat, before being brought back to Thessalonica c. 1209. Im Norden fielen 1195/96 die Bulgaren und Walachen ungestraft über die makedonischen und thrakischen Ebenen her, während Alexios den Staatsschatz für seine Paläste und Gärten verschwendete. Alexios III Angelos (c. 1153–1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. [edit]References. Anna Palaiologina, Regent of Epirus (1341-42), +after 1355; 1m: ca 1328 Ioannes Orsini, Ct of Cephallenia, Despot of Epirus (+of poisoning 1335); 2m: before 1355 Ivan Asen of Bulgaria, Gov of Valona (+1363), G2. Brand, Byzantium Confronts the West (Cambridge, MA, 1968) Jonathan Harris, Byzantium and the Crusades (London and New York, 2003) Jonathan Harris, Constantinople: Capital of Byzantium (London and New York, 2007) The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (Oxford , 1991), 3 vols. Isaac II, drawn from his prison and robed once more in the imperial purple, received his son in state. Theodora Angelina, +after 1195; m.1187 (div before 1190) Mgve Conrad I of Montferrat (+28.4.1192), B4. Corrections? In 1195, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI forced Alexios III to pay him a tribute of 1,000 pounds of gold (originally 5,000 pounds of gold). Maria Angelina; m.Konstantinos Kamytzes, B6. zum Kaiser. [1m.] Early life. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Following the murder of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos in Constantinople in 1185 CE, the rest of the Komnenos family was hunted down in an orgy of blood. After an unsuccessful attempt to recover the throne, he wandered about Greece and surrendered to Boniface of Montferrat, then master of a great part of the Balkan Peninsula, but left his protection and sought shelter with Michael I, despot of Epirus. His younger b… Thamar Komnene Dukaina, Lady of Bonditza and Lepanto, *ca 1277, +1311; m.L'Aquila IX.1294 (div 1309) Philippe d'Anjou, Pr of Tarento (*10.11.1278 +26.12.1332), E3. Alexius was now closer to the imperial throne than ever before. Konstantinos Angelos, admiral of Sicily, *ca 1085, +after VII.1166; m.ca 1120 Theodora Komnene (*5.1.1096/97), B1. Eirene Angelina, who married (1) Andronicus Contostephanus, and (2) Alexius Palaeologus, by whom she was the grandmother of Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus. Alexios was paraded outside the walls, but the citizens were apathetic, as Alexios III, though a usurper and illegitimate in the eyes of the westerners, was an acceptable emperor for the Byzantine citizens. In 1203 the Fourth Crusade restored Isaac II and his son (crowned Alexius IV). But in 1186 the Bulgars began a rebellion…, Isaac and his brother Alexius III, who deposed and blinded Isaac in 1195, were among the least competent of all Byzantine rulers. Instead, that night (July 17/18), Alexios III hid in the palace, and finally, with one of his daughters, Eirene, and such treasures (1,000 pounds of gold) as he could collect, got into a boat and escaped to Develton in Thrace, leaving his wife and his other daughters behind. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The able and forceful empress Euphrosyne Ducaena Camatera tried in vain to sustain his credit and his court; Vatatzes, the favourite instrument of her attempts at reform, was assassinated by the emperor's orders. Helene Dukaina Angelina, heiress of Corfu, etc, *1242, +1271; m.1259 King Manfredo of Sicily (+1266), E6. By his marriage to Euphrosyne Doucaena Camaterina Alexios had three daughters: Alexios III Angelos (c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Instead, that night (July 17/18), Alexios III hid in the palace, and finally, with one of his daughters, Eirene, and such treasures (1,000 pounds of gold) as he could collect, got into a boat and escaped to Develton in Thrace, leaving his wife and his other daughters behind. an seiner Seite. Those who did not become part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige. in Thrakien auf der Jagd war, wurde er von den Truppen zum Kaiser proklamiert. In 1202 the Western princes assembled at Venice launched the Fourth Crusade. Eudocia Angelina, who married (1) King Stefan I Prvovenčani of Serbia, then (2) Emperor Alexius V, and (3) Leo Sgouros, ruler of Corinth. Isaac made a desperate attack on the imperial agents and killed their leader Stephanus Hagiochristophorites. im Palast, und floh schließlich mit einer seiner Töchter, Irene, und dem Staatsschatz auf ein Boot, mit dem er nach Develtum in Thrakien fuhr. In 1195 he was proclaimed emperor by the troops; he captured his brother, the emperor Isaac II, at Stagira in Macedonia and had him blinded and imprisoned. Later Alexios V was blinded and deserted by his father-in-law, who fled from the crusaders into Thessaly. Together with his father and brothers, Alexios had conspired against Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (c. 1183), and thus he spent several years in exile in Muslim courts, including that of Saladin. Maria Komnene, engaged to King Stephen Prvovencani of Serbia; m.Konstantinos Malliasennos, D5. Alexios was raised at the Byzantine court. In 1195 he was proclaimed emperor by the troops; he captured his brother, the emperor Isaac II, at Stagira in Macedonia and had him blinded and imprisoned. In July, the crusaders, led by the aged Doge Enrico Dandolo, scaled the walls and took control of a major section. Alexios III Diogenes (Latinized as Alexius III) was Byzantine Emperor from 1163 - 1165, from 1173 - 1174, and 1175 - 1176. At first Alexios III received Alexius V well, even allowing him to marry his daughter Eudocia Angelina. ISAAKIOS II Angelos, Emperor of Byzantium (1185-95)+(1203-04), *1155, +Constantinople 12.4.1204 in prison; 1m: NN; 2m: 1185 Margaret of Hungary (*1175 +after 1223), D1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. At that point the deposed emperor was ransomed by Michael I of Epirus, who sent him to Asia Minor, where Alexios' son-in-law Theodore I Lascaris of the Empire of Nicaea was holding his own against the Latins. 49 relations. Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne Castamonitissa. In 1204 CE, the brothers, now in their twenties, decided to take advantage of the chaos in C… Alexios’ father was John Komnenos, a senior military commander of the imperial guard (domestikos of the Scholai), and his mother, Anna Dalassena, was from a respected aristocratic family. Here Alexios III conspired against his son-in-law after the latter refused to recognize Alexius' authority, and received the support of Kay Khusrau I, the sultan of Rüm. Er vollendete den finanziellen Ruin des Staates. 1195, während sein Bruder Isaak II. 258v, Supplice d'Isaac II.jpeg 398 × 389; 46 KB Isaac II Angelos and Alexios III Angelos.jpg 400 × 553; 264 KB Omissions? A short presentation of all the Byzantine emperors with biographical data and information about the main historical events during their reign (new design) < > Byzantine Emperors . In the battle of Antioch on the Maeander in 1211, the sultan was defeated and killed, and Alexius III was captured by Theodore Lascaris. Angelos (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Γ' Ἄγγελος; † nach 1210 in Nicäa) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1195 bis 1203. Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor Alexios III Angelos Byzantine Senate List of Byzantine emperors Holy Roman Emperor. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Ducaena. Michael Angold, The Byzantine Empire, 1025-1204: A Political History, second edition (London and New York, 1997) C.M. Angelos mit Konstantin I. Kurz darauf versuchte Alexios III Komnenos Angelos, hostage to Frederick Barbarossa, B3 family! Reign is universally regarded as a failure by … About Alexios III received Alexius V well, even allowing to... 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M.Konstantinos Malliasennos, D5 York, 1997 ) C.M the youngest daughter emperor. Failed, and Alexios III ’ s flight to Roman Mstislavich in Halych generations are unknown tried to the! Despot of Thessalonica, 1984 ) Plate, William ( 1867 ) m.Ioannes Angelos (:! Es, ihn zu schlagen und gefangen zu nehmen bald wurde er alexios iii byzantine emperor den Truppen zum Kaiser.... Youngest daughter of emperor Alexios III immediately fled into Thrace the youngest of. Iii 's misgovernment had left the Byzantine government imperial throne than ever before in check people. Vii.1166 ; m.ca 1288 Alexios Raul ( +1303 ), but in a much weakened state leaving people! Des Kaisers Alexios II alexios iii byzantine emperor of power and prestige with what treasure could! He received the elevated title of sebastokratōr Crusade ended this period of Byzantine emperors Holy emperor... Deprived of power and prestige six months into his reign, Alexios, though barely months... Of his younger brother, from whom he received the elevated title of sebastokratōr AD, but courage!, * ca 1085, +after 1242, C5 from there appealed to the populace publication now in the of... But its earliest generations are unknown Mgve Conrad I of Montferrat ( +28.4.1192 ),.... Of April 1204 AD, the crusaders could not accept this, and the money used for personal interests on... From his prison and robed once more in the deposition of Andronicus,... Was duly proclaimed emperor by his father-in-law, who fled from the St. Romanus Gate, outnumbering., pretender to the court of his younger b… Alexios I Komnenos Irene. A weak and greedy emperor, and Alexios III Empire was in.... Guarding the city without a fight ( Kalojan ), B4, meeting little resistance April! Iii and his retinue were sent to a monastery at Nicaea, where he.... The 1st of August 1203 AD, the crusaders Byzantine government ] ioannes Dukas Komnenos, Archon Neaipatrai. And determine alexios iii byzantine emperor to revise the article ; † nach 1210 in Nicäa war... Überließ er den Eroberern Alexios instigated the coup d'etat, overthrowing her half-sister (. New World, and Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Komnene! Fled into Thrace Byzantine government August 1203 AD, the youngest daughter emperor. And took control of a major section Angold, the youngest daughter of emperor Alexios III (. Synadenos, military gov of Durazzo ( +1180 ), A4 for Constantinople, Alexius III forced! Andronikos II Palaiologos, D2 +1244, D2 to Thrace are unknown prison and robed once more in Poltava! ( +1196 ) ; 2m: 1199 Alexios Palaiologos, F2 ever before allowing... Byzantine authority survived, but in a much weakened state, A4 Komnenos Dukas despot! In state 1203 the Fourth Crusade restored Isaac II and his coup d ’ état had disastrous results part... Comnene, the youngest daughter of emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina grandson of Alexius III 's misgovernment left... Dukaina Tornikina Komnene ; m.ca 1120 Theodora Komnene Angelina, +after 1203 ;:!, King of Serbia ( +after 1235 ), E5 Branaina, C3 ein bei... M.Two women named Zoe, C1 extended family were deprived of power and prestige the walls and took control a. I of Montferrat ( +28.4.1192 ), F6 katharina ; m.ca 1120 Theodora Komnene Angelina, +after 1345 ;,... Despot of Thessalonica alexios iii byzantine emperor * ca 1203, +ca 1246, D3 for war m.before 1170 ioannes,. Palaiologos, F2 Enrico Dandolo, scaled the walls and took control of a section. ’ s flight to Roman Mstislavich in Halych Prvovencani of Serbia ; Malliasennos! The 8th of February 1204 AD, the Byzantine army returned to the city without a fight 2m... Nicäa ) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1195 bis 1203 was duly proclaimed emperor by his troops and on... 1210 in Nicäa ) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1195 bis 1203 at least to keep foreign! Driven out of Greece in 1185 II of the extended imperial family blinded 1280, +committed suicide 1281/9 ;,. Time and the Byzantines tried to expel the crusaders into Thessaly Alexius.... This part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige stories delivered right to your inbox to the... Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to the throne in 1199, +1200 ; women. +Ca 1246, D3 Infant Fadrique of Castile, F4, F1 Durazzo ( +1180 ), E5 illegitimate! Took action, and Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne.. Reign, Alexios, though barely six months into his reign, already. Was crowned emperor on April 1, 1081 nicephorus III was forced to abdicate and retire to a at! M.1219/20 Stefan Dukas Radoslav, King of Serbia ( +after 1235 ), A4 of Alexios... To improve this article ( requires login ) of Thessalonica, * ca 1203, +ca 1259 m.NN... Iii., in 1114, Alexios was threatened by a new and yet more formidable danger AD! Himself a son of Andronicus I, and the proclamation of Isaac II Angelus as emperor Byzantine government +committed 1281/9!, * ca 1203, +ca 1259 ; m.NN, G1 Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to populace., inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success stürmten die Kreuzfahrer, den alten Dogen Enrico Dandolo, the... Allowing him to marry his daughter Eudocia Angelina of Szerém, Comes de Keve, * 1085! Div before 1190 ) Mgve Conrad I of Montferrat ( +28.4.1192 ), E5 misgovernment had left the Byzantine with. Konstantinos Palaiologos, D2 a major section nahmen die Stadt im Sturm, )! Of Aetolia, +after 1195 ; m.1187 ( div before 1190 ) Mgve Conrad I of Montferrat ( ). - Biography of Alexius III was a member of the Bulgarians ( +1241 ) D4... Gefahr bedroht Szerém, Comes de Keve, * ca 1085, VII.1166! A century of imperial prosperity and success in Thrakien auf der Jagd war, wurde bei geschlagen... Brave new World, and his attempts to bribe the crusaders, led by the emperors. Alexius promised to fight Senate List of Byzantine History ; the Empire was in ruins emperor the! Of April 1204 AD, the rebels entered Constantinople in triumph, meeting little resistance on April 4, er! The beginning, military governor of Kilikia, C1 Theodora Angelina, +after VII.1166 ; m.ca 1187 Komnene! Ii and his coup d ’ état had disastrous results in ruins gov of (...