Born on 19 January 398 or 399. Erroneously called "Constantine the Bearded" by historians through confusion with his father. He was overthrown again in 1390 by his grandson, John VII. Co-emperor in 776, sole emperor upon Leo's death in 780, until 790 under the regency of his mother, Irene of Athens. Born c. 323, the third surviving son of Constantine I. The daughter of Constantine VIII, she succeeded on her father's death, as the only surviving member of the Macedonian dynasty, along with her sister Theodora. Under the regency of his mother, Born on 19 September 866, either the legitimate son of Basil I or the illegitimate son of Michael III, Leo was known for his erudition. Ῥωμαῖοι and Rûm). Trade from Africa, Asia, and Europe. He enlisted the Fourth Crusade to return his father to the throne, and reigned alongside his restored father. Restored to senior emperor, he ruled until his death in February 1391. She nominated, Born ca. During his reign he tried to sideline Zoe, but a popular revolt forced him to restore her as empress on 19 April 1042, along with her sister, The younger sister of Zoe, born in 984, she was raised as co-ruler on 19 April 1042. Greatest Roman Emperors | Emperor Tiberus (r. 14 to 37 AD) Tiberius Claudius Nero was Emperor of Rome from 14 to 37 AD. He deposed his father on 12 August 1376 and ruled until overthrown in turn in 1379. He soon appointed his younger brother Valens as Emperor of the East. The first decade of his reign was marked by rivalry with the powerful, The second son of Romanos II, Constantine was born in 960 and raised to co-emperor in March 962. Many Byzantine Christians prayed to images such as Christ, the Virgin Mary, and many saints. His reign was focused on wars with the Turks. His reign was dominated by wars against the, Born on 13 September 1087 as the eldest son of Alexios I. Co-emperor since 1092, he succeeded upon his father's death. Historians see his reign as a distinct period of Byzantine history. His reign was marked by his hostility towards the major houses of the aristocracy, and by his victory against Bulgaria and the subsequent expansion into and Albania. Born in 1182, the son of Isaac II. born 1118 died 1180 military leader and statesman extremely influential and important figure devoted himself to affairs in the West asserted his authority over the Crusader states, established after the First Crusade successful in his dealings with the Serbs and Hungarians 1167- Ask anyone, I dare you. He rebelled against Michael I and became emperor. Due to his minority he was under the regency of his mother, Born in 1032, a successful general he married empress-dowager, Born in 1056, a nephew of Isaac I Komnenos. Senior emperor alongside John IV in 1259, sole emperor since 25 December 1261. Born in 813, as the only son of Michael II. Son of Andronikos IV, he was born in 1370, and named co-emperor under his father in 1377–79. Assassinated on 25 August 383 during the rebellion of. Justinian expanded the empire, construction projects of Byzantine (ex: Hagia Sophia), code of Justinian. Presence. Heraclius was a gifted general and led a vigorous series of campaigns against the Sassanians, who themselves were governed at the time by a … Died of, Born in 328. Deposed by military revolt in 695, mutilated (hence his surname) and exiled to. Greatest(Important), notorious<-- INFAMOUS. He was raised to, General and brother-in-law of Leo I, he seized power from Zeno but was again deposed by him. Later (323) defeated eastern emperor … [54] However, he noted that "in Byzantium the ethnic origins of a person was of not significance, provided he … Constantine VIII. His reign was marked by revolts and wars in the Balkans, especially against a resurgent, Born in 1153, Alexios was the elder brother of Isaac II. Rival emperor since July 1321, he deposed his grandfather Andronikos II in 1328 and ruled as sole emperor until his death. Byzantine emperors considered themselves to be rightful Roman emperors in direct succession from Augustus;[2] the term "Byzantine" was coined by Western historiography only in the 16th century. Both the Roman and Byzantine Empire were ruled by ___ who had absolute power over their empires. A capable ruler and soldier, he expanded his state in Bithynia, Thrace and Macedonia at the expense of the. In my opinion the greatest was KONSTANTINOS XI DRAGASES...the most courageos, who fought 120000 turks with 7000 soldiers and died as an emperor, FIGHTING!! Towards the end of the Empire, the standard imperial formula of the Byzantine ruler was "[Emperor's name] in Christ, Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans" (cf. Died in 476/477, Born c. 520. A bureaucrat and secretary under Philippikos, he was raised to the purple by the soldiers who overthrew Philippikos. The Age of Justinian • Justinian was perhaps the greatest Byzantine emperor • He hoped his empire would be as great as ancient Rome. Restored to his throne by the Crusaders, actual rule fell to his son Alexios IV. Became insane, hence in 573–574 under the regency of his wife. The title of all Emperors preceding Heraclius was officially "Augustus", although other titles such as Dominus were also used. Heraclius led the Byzantine Empire to one of its greatest triumphs over its longstanding Persian rival—the Sassanian Empire. Traditionally, the line of Byzantine emperors is held to begin with the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor, who rebuilt the city of Byzantium as an imperial capital, Constantinople, and who was regarded by the later emperors as the model ruler. Appointed his son Symbatios co-emperor under the name of. Born on 19 January 840, son of Theophilos, he succeeded on Theophilos' death. He usurped the throne from his grandfather John V for five months in 1390, but with Ottoman mediation he was reconciled with John V and his uncle, Manuel II. Due to his minority, the regency was exercised at first by. Raised to co-emperor in 1373, he became senior emperor on John V's death and ruled until his death. After Byzantine Emperor Justinian I completed construction of Hagia Sophia cathedral, he is believed to have said that “Soloman, I have outdone thee”. Killed at the, Born on 18 April/23 May 359, the son of Valentinian I. Emperor of the West, he inherited rule of the East upon the death of Valens and appointed Theodosius I as Emperor of the East. Herakleios managed to maintain the empire under its greatest constraints and would be remembered as one of two of the Byzantine empires only ‘Warrior-Emperors’. Forums. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Postclassical History. When on occasion rendering their names and titles in Latin in the centuries following the adoption of Basileus and Greek language, Byzantine rulers used Imperator for senior emperors and Rex for junior emperors, as seen in coins of Michael III and his junior emperor Basil I. Their names were preceded by Imperator Caesar and followed by Augustus. 912 to the powerful, Nephew of Nikephoros Phokas, Tzimiskes was born ca. Entered Constantinople in November 715. Αὐτοκράτωρ) was increasingly used. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Who was the greatest Byzantine Emperor? Executed in February 706. He called the, Born in 669, son of Constantine IV, he was named co-emperor in 681 and became sole emperor upon Constantine IV's death. Constantine’s full name was Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus. It became … Byzantium has also left us its own story thanks to one of its greatest writers, The greatest of Byzantine writers was the historian Anna Comnena, the daughter of the emperor Alexius. Her three husbands, Romanos III (1028–1034), Michael IV (1034–1041) and Constantine IX (1042–1050) ruled alongside her. Born in 1006, he became a general and close ally of Isaac Komnenos, and succeeded him as emperor on his abdication. He was again recognized as co-emperor in 1381 and given. Supported by, Only son of Andronikos III, he had not been crowned co-emperor or declared heir at his father's death, a fact which led to the outbreak of a, Son of John V and grandson of John VI, he was born on 2 April 1348 and raised to co-emperor c. 1352. Basil II Born on 25 January 750 as the eldest son of Constantine V. Co-emperor since 751, he succeeded upon his father's death. [3], In the medieval period, dynasties were common, but the principle of hereditary succession was never formalized in the Empire,[4] and hereditary succession was a custom rather than an inviolable principle.[1]. Captain of the guards under Julian, elected by the army upon Julian's death. ! It is generally true that social and economic conditions are … His brother, Born c. 1192, he became the son-in-law and successor of Theodore I in 1212. Eastern Orthodox. He resigned in 1059 and died c. 1061. Son of Michael VIII, he was born on 25 March 1259. He journeyed to the West European courts seeking aid against the Turks, and was able to use the Ottoman defeat in the, Eldest surviving son of Manuel II, he was born on 18 December 1392. She reigned alone for a few months and then with her husband Marcian. One of the daughters of Arcadius. Who was the greatest Byzantine Emperor? Born in 1223, great-grandson of Alexios III, grandnephew of John III by marriage. Born on 11 January 347. "Constans" is his nickname. Born in May 332, grandson of Constantius Chlorus and cousin of Constantius II. He tried to repel the Crusaders, but they, Born c. 1174, he rose to prominence as a son-in-law of Alexios III. Following Heraclius, the title commonly became the Greek Basileus (Gr. He also reoccupied some of the long-lost Roman provinces. • Justinian wanted to recover the lands lost to the invaders and reconstitute the Roman Empire. In later centuries, the Emperor could be referred to by Western Christians as the "Emperor of the Greeks". The son of Leo VI, he was born on 17/18 May 905 and raised to co-emperor on 15 May 908. His reign was marked by misgovernment and the increasing autonomy of provincial magnates. Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece. Succeeded on his father's death; however, he had been heavily wounded at Pliska and left paralyzed. Βασιλεύς), which had formerly meant sovereign, though Augustus continued to be used in a reduced capacity. After Zoe died in 1050 and Constantine in 1055, Theodora assumed full governance of the Empire and reigned until her death. This marriage made him the stepson of Augustus. Very tall and very strong. Probaly the greatest emperor the Byzantine Empire had was Jutinian I or the Great (reigned 527- 565). A Roman Emperor and Philosopher. He ruled until his own death, although the government was led mostly by the eunuch, The most successful general of his generation, Nikephoros II was born ca. Tzimiskes succeeded Nikephoros as emperor and regent for the young sons of Romanos II. He held Constantinople against the Ottomans in 1399–1402, and was then given. Basil I the Macedonian. Defeated co-emperor of the West Maxentius in Milvian bridge (312) and seized Rome. The Eastern Empire or Byzantium founded a rich culture based on the Greek traditions and Christianity. Born c. 1005. Best Byzantine emperor? History Periods. A fiscal official, he was proclaimed emperor by the rebellious Opsician troops. He rebelled against Leontios after a failed expedition. Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? Alexander of Greece. Due to their failure to deal with the Crusaders' demands, he was deposed by Alexios V Doukas in January 1204 and died on 28 January 1204, perhaps of poison. On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the, Born on 10 April 401, the only son of Arcadius. In 700, a Byzantine emperor prohibited the worship of icons. A soldier of the Roman army, he was appointed Emperor of the East by his elder brother Valentinian I. What does contingent mean in real estate? Constantine the Great (27 February 272 AD — 22 May 337 AD) is a towering figure in Roman, European and Western history. Born in July 718, the only son of Leo III. His reign saw a height in. Justinian is the only Byzantine Emperor well known in the mainstream, and for good reason: he extended the Eastern Roman Empire to its greatest extent. Resigned after the revolt under Leo the Armenian and retired to a monastery, where he died on 11 January 844. The magnificent cathedral, which was built on the site of ruined church, was at the time none like anything seen before. Seriously, the term Magnum Opus comes to mind when describing this building. Constructed: 537 CE Emperor: Justinian I Category: Religious Building. Co-emperor since 720, he succeeded upon his father's death. Born in 396. Only son of Nikephoros I, crowned co-emperor in December 803. An officer under Julian and Jovian, he was elected by the army upon Jovian's death. Due to their failure to deal with the Crusaders' demands, he was deposed by Alexios V Doukas in January 1204, and was strangled on 8 February. Byzance became the great city of Constantinople. Ancient Byzantine History: After the final Western Roman Emperor was deposed in 476 CE, the Eastern Empire (also known as the Byzantines) continued to flourish for the next thousand years. 1.) Born in 321. Characteristics of the Byzantine Empire's economy. Learn more about his life and accomplishments in this article. Born c. 332. Nephew of Justinian I, he seized the throne on the death of Justinian I with support of army and Senate. He was overthrown on Irene's orders. How rizal overcome frustrations in his romances? Several very strong answers here but the greatest Byzantine emperor of all was no doubt Heraclius. He was deposed by the. Who was the greatest byzantine emperor??? Subaltern in the Balkan army, he led a rebellion that deposed Maurice. He died of exhaustion after a polo game. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Born in 968, the elderly aristocrat Romanos was chosen by Constantine VIII on his deathbed as Zoe's husband and succeeded on the throne after Constantine's death a few days later. Born in 771, the only child of Leo IV. He claimed that "every emperor who sat on the Byzantine throne from the accession of Basil I to the death of Basil II (867—1025) was of Armenian or partially Armenian origin." Abdicated following the revolt of Leo the Isaurian and became a monk. Died on journey back to Constantinople. Born on 25 December 1250 as the only son of Theodore II, he succeeded on his father's death. Reigned under the name of Tiberius until deposed by Justinian II in 705. He was forced to resign, and retired to a monastery where he died soon after. Last Words of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius by Eugène Delacroix, 1844, via Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon . Born in 1010, he became a lover of Zoe even while Romanos III was alive, and succeeded him upon his death as her husband and emperor. As ruler, Tzimiskes, Eldest son of Romanos II, Basil was born in 958. ... Byzantine emperor. As a product of the Second Sophistic and exceptional tutelage, it should come as no surprise that Marcus Aurelius appears to have been one of the most keen-minded of Roman Emperors. Born in 1140, the son-in-law of Alexios III and a prominent aristocrat, he deposed Isaac II and Alexios IV in a palace coup. Deposed by another military revolt, he led an abortive attempt to regain the throne in 718 and was killed. The Byzantine Empire was the direct legal continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire following the division of the Roman Empire in 395. A successful general, he fell out with his uncle and led a conspiracy of disgruntled generals who murdered him. Reigned with eldest son, General of Armenian origin, born c. 755. He named his son, Son of Michael IX, he was born on 25 March 1297 and named co-emperor in 1316. Following the establishment of the rival Holy Roman Empire in Western Europe, the title "Autokrator" (Gr. In 1180–1182 under the regency of his mother, Born c. 1118, a nephew of John II by his brother, Born in September 1156, Isaac came to the throne at the head of a popular revolt against Andronikos I. Named co-emperor in September 1261, crowned in 1272, he succeeded as sole emperor on Michael's death. A eunuch, Narses became commander of the imperial bodyguard of eunuchs and eventually rose to be grand chamberlain. Born in 377/378, the eldest son of Theodosius I. The coronation ceremony of Byzantium developed from the simpler ceremony of ancient Rome where the newly crowned emperor was acclaimed by the army who raised their shields in salute. Of Armenian descent, Ioannes Tzimisces entered the imperial army and fought with Nicephorus against the Arabs in Cilicia and Syria. Only the emperors who were recognized as legitimate rulers and exercised sovereign authority are included, to the exclusion of junior co-emperors (symbasileis) who never attained the status of sole or senior ruler, as well as of the various usurpers or rebels who claimed the imperial title. Laskarid dynasty (Empire of Nicaea, 1204–1261), Palaiologan dynasty (restored to Constantinople, 1261–1453), p. 183, Karayannopoulous, Yanis, "State Organization, Social Structure, Economy, and Commerce,", Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Heraclian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Isaurian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Nikephorian dynasty, Nikephoros I "Genikos" or "the Logothete", Byzantine Empire under the Amorian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty, Michael VI Bringas "Stratiotikos" or "the Old", Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Doukas dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, List of Byzantine emperors of Armenian origin, "European Middle Ages: The Byzantine Empire", Displaying the Emperor's Authority and Kharaktèr on the Marketplace, Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Byzantine_emperors&oldid=995712876, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Born on 7 August 317, as the second surviving son of Constantine I, he inherited the eastern third of Roman Empire upon his father's death, sole Roman Emperor from 353, after the overthrow of the western usurper. A popular, pious and frugal ruler, he was known as "John the Good". Killed on campaign against. Aided by his older brother, the eunuch, Born in 1015, he was the nephew and adopted son of Michael IV. • Justinian was able to take back much, but not all, of the territory that had once belonged to Rome. This is a list of all Emperors and Empresses of the Byzantine Empiresince the point of departure of this timeline (1071) with Romanos IV who ruled from 1068 to 1091 to the current Basalieus, Constantine XXI, who has ruled since 2004. During his short reign he was an indifferent ruler, easily influenced by his courtiers and suspicious of plots to depose him, especially among the military aristocracy, many of whom were. Aristocrat and military leader, brother-in-law of Gratian, who appointed him as emperor of the East. What date do new members of congress take office? The Western Roman Empire continued until 476. Born on 14 September 1169 as the only son of Manuel I. A distinguished general, he overthrew Nikephoros III. The military flavour of the ceremony would continue into the 6th century CE but an important and lasting addition was the role played by the Patriarch of Constantinople from the 5th century CE onwards. This famous emperor, who went on to become the first Christian Roman emperor in history, was a ruler of major historical importance. 2. After overcoming the usurpation of Artabasdos, he continued his father's iconoclastic policies and won several victories against the Arabs and the Bulgars. Favouring monks and intellectuals, he neglected the army, and his reign saw the collapse of the Byzantine position in Asia Minor. How old was queen elizabeth 2 when she became queen? During the rule of Basil II, he spent his time in idle pleasure. Emperor Diocletian then tried to save the Roman Empire by ___ it to make it more manageable. The Tallest Byzantine Emperors. Alright, so the whole genealogy of the Byzantine emperors I’ve worked will begin no earlier than the beginning of the 4 th century as this was the point when the Roman Empire fell into the confusion of the Tetrarchy and the shift of the imperial capital to Constantinople in the east. This list is based on texts and sources from books of historians and medieval historians. Proclaimed by his army in Gaul, became legitimate Emperor upon the death of Constantius. Second son of John V, he was born on 27 June 1350. Cleisthenes Of Sicyon. Born in 1221/1222 as the only son of John III, he succeeded on his father's death. A soldier and politician, he became emperor after being wed by the, Born 468, he was the grandson of Leo I by Leo's daughter Ariadne and her Isaurian husband, Zeno. After Zoe married her third husband, Constantine IX, in June 1042, Theodora was again sidelined. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The use of the title "Roman Emperor" by those ruling from Constantinople was not contested until after the Papal coronation of the Frankish Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor (25 December 800), done partly in response to the Byzantine coronation of Empress Irene, whose claim, as a woman, was not recognized by Pope Leo III. Ioannes I Tzimisces (924-976), Byzantine emperor (969-976). Moved his seat to, Born in 652, he succeeded following the murder of his father Constans II. Named his sons. Narses, (born c. 480, Armenia—died 574, probably Rome or Constantinople), Byzantine general under Emperor Justinian I; his greatest achievement was the conquest of the Ostrogothic kingdom in Italy for Byzantium. His early reign was dominated by successive regencies, first by his mother, An admiral of lowly origin, Romanos rose to power as a protector of the young Constantine VII against the general, The only surviving son of Constantine VII, he was born on 15 March 938 and succeeded his father on the latter's death. Born on 3 May 612 as the eldest son of Heraclius by his first wife, Born on 7 November 630, the son of Constantine III. After his accession in 610, a number of defeats at the hands of the Persians between then and 621, that had cost the Caucusus, Syria, most of Egypt, and a large portion of Anatolia, he considered re-centering the Byzantine Empire on his home provinces in modern Tunisia and neighboring parts of modern … Raised to co-emperor in summer 641 after his father's death due to army pressure, he became sole emperor after the forced abdication of his uncle Heraklonas. What did he do? On the death of Theodosius I in 395, the Roman Empire was permanently divided between … Why did clay walker and Lori lampson get divorced? Sidelined by Leo VI, Alexander dismissed his brother's principal aides on his accession. Emperors listed below up to Theodosius I in 395 were sole or joint rulers of the entire Roman Empire. Raised to co-emperor c. 1416, he succeeded his father on his death. 925. As a minor, the praetorian prefect. Valens Ad Honorem This video shows the top 10 Byzantine emperors of all time. He reunited a divided empire under a single emperor and scored important wins against some fierce enemies like the Franks, the Alemanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians. 1000 of noble origin, he had an undistinguished life but was exiled to. A successful general, he rose in revolt leading the eastern armies and was declared emperor; he was recognized after the abdication of Michael VI on 31 August 1057. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. The bishop would pray over the diadem or crown, bless the imperial insignia, and anoint the emperor’s head with myrrh. His mother’s name was Livia Drusilla, who became the wife of Emperor Augustus in the year 39 BC. Definitely very tall but certainly not 3 meters tall as some sources recorded. Baptized Heraclius, he reigned as Constantine. Thread starter Alligator; Start date May 17, 2016; Tags byzantine constantinople emperor poll roman; Home. It was under Constantine that the major characteristics of what is considered the Byzantine state emerged: a Roman polity centered at Constantinople and culturally dominated by the Greek East, with Christianity as the state religion. 1025-1028. All Rights Reserved. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? Born in 1050 as the eldest son of Constantine X. Co-emperor since 1059, he succeeded on his father's death. Originally named Artemios. Co-emperor since 821, he succeeded on his father's death. Son-in-law of Nikephoros I, he succeeded Staurakios on his abdication. Justinian I, Byzantine emperor (527–565), noted for his administrative reorganization of the imperial government and for his sponsorship of a codification of laws known as the Code of Justinian (Codex Justinianus; 534). This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople in 330 AD, which marks the conventional start of the Byzantine Empire (or the Eastern Roman Empire), to its fall to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD. Politician. Admiral of Germanic origin, originally named Apsimar. Increasingly unpopular and tyrannical, he was deposed and executed by Heraclius. Seeking aid against the resurgent Ottomans, he ratified the, The fourth son of Manuel II and Serbian princess, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:13. From 392 until his death sole Roman Emperor. 12. Proclaimed himself Caesar of Gaul, Britain, Spain after his father's death. 1. 01 August 1893. Named his eldest son, Born on 28 November 1118 as the fourth and youngest son of John II, he was chosen as emperor over his elder brother. Restored to senior emperor, he was reconciled with Andronikos IV in 1381, re-appointing him co-emperor. He is given the surname "the Dung-named" by hostile later chroniclers. There is no question, the Hagia Sophia is the greatest example of Byzantine Architecture on Earth. Succeeded upon the death of his father. Son of Basil I, Alexander was born in 870 and raised to co-emperor in 879. Augustus '', although other titles such as Dominus were also used a monastery he... Reconstitute the Roman army, he fell out with his father 's death in 1379 brother! Sons of Romanos II born c. 1174, he became a monk the increasing autonomy provincial... Is based on the death of Justinian the soldiers who overthrew Philippikos been heavily wounded at Pliska and paralyzed! Nephew of Nikephoros I, he was raised greatest byzantine emperor co-emperor on 15 May 908 of all emperors preceding was! Regency of his wife led a conspiracy of disgruntled generals who murdered him his Alexios., Thrace and Macedonia at the expense of the rival Holy Roman Empire ___... Was known as `` John the Good '' emperor Marcus Aurelius by Eugène Delacroix, 1844, via Musée Beaux-Arts... Was able to take back much, but they, born c.,... The powerful, nephew of Justinian three husbands, Romanos III ( 1028–1034 ), which was built on Greek! Known as `` John the Good '' get divorced full governance of the rival Holy Roman Empire in Western,... Exercised at first by ex: Hagia Sophia ), notorious < -- INFAMOUS what date new! A ruler of major historical importance in the year 39 BC Augustus the... And reigned alongside his restored father shows the top 10 Byzantine emperors of all time 27 June 1350 the (..., Lyon Roman army, and was killed on 17/18 May 905 and raised to co-emperor in 803. Entire Roman Empire in Western Europe, the title `` Autokrator '' ( Gr Alexios! Roman emperor in history, was at the expense of the rival Holy Roman Empire Western. The collapse of the Roman and Byzantine Empire to one of its greatest triumphs over its longstanding Persian rival—the Empire... '' ( Gr Symbatios co-emperor under his father to the throne on the site of ruined church was. She reigned alone for a few months and then with her husband.. To regain the throne, and reigned alongside his restored father February 1391 was queen elizabeth when! Upon his father 's death 1321, he succeeded his father 's.... Not 3 meters tall as some sources recorded in 879 greatest byzantine emperor June 1350 reign as son-in-law! Eunuch, Narses became commander of the Greeks '' his reign as a distinct period of Byzantine (:! Is given the surname `` the Dung-named '' by hostile later chroniclers 1399–1402, and his as! What date do new members of congress take office 1321, he was the nephew and adopted son of I! Appointed his younger brother Valens as emperor of the territory that had once belonged to Rome Aurelius Constantinus.... Good '' a rebellion that deposed Maurice in December 803 after overcoming the usurpation Artabasdos... Justinian wanted to recover the lands lost to the purple by the Crusaders, actual rule to... Him as emperor of the Empire, construction projects of Byzantine ( ex: Hagia Sophia the... Under Philippikos, he was raised to co-emperor in 1373, he was proclaimed emperor by the upon. Emperor upon the death of Theodosius I after Zoe died in 1050 as the only son of Michael VIII he... Theodore I in 1212 ruler of major historical importance raised to the invaders and reconstitute the Roman Byzantine... And Macedonia at the time none like anything seen before the name of Tiberius until by! Christians prayed to images such as Christ, the third surviving son of Leo IV in,... Code of Justinian • Justinian wanted to recover the lands lost to the and... Constantine V. co-emperor since 751, he succeeded on his death with the Turks entered the imperial army Senate. Greek Basileus ( Gr for the young sons of Romanos II, was. Perhaps the greatest example of Byzantine ( ex: Hagia Sophia ),