Uses of alkaline earth metals . Beryllium is useful in radiology because X-rays can pass through beryllium, making it appear transparent. Now we are going to discuss uses of each element in 2nd group. 2. Technology and Current Uses of Rubidium and Cesium 51 Part 2: Alkaline Earth Metals 53 Introduction to Alkaline Earth Metals 53 The Discovery and Naming of Alkaline Earth Metals 54 5 Beryllium 56 The Astrophysics of Beryllium 57 Beryllium on Earth 59 The Chemistry of Beryllium 61 Reducing the Critical Mass in Nuclear Weapons 62 All alkaline earth elements have an oxidation Uses of alkaline earth metals. Purdue University, Bodner Research Web: Groups IIA, IIIA and IVA, Angelo State University: Department of Chemistry: Group 2-A - The Alkaline Earth Metals, Georgia State University HyperPhysics: Periodic Table of the Elements. As an example, copper beryllium alloys are used in the preparation of high strength springs. Uses of beryllium. The alkaline earth metals are: Beryllium Magnesium Calcium Strontium Barium Radium. iii. Calcium is used in the extraction of metals from their oxides which are difficult to reduce with carbon. Metals are available as micro-elements in our bodies. Since magnesium burns readily in oxygen, the flow of a reducing gas like coal gas is maintained during electrolysis. Magnesium alloys with aluminum provide light weight and sturdy materials for airplanes, missiles, and rockets. The properties of an element have periodic dependence on its atomic number but not on atomic weight. Heating alkaline-earth metals in sealed glass vessels under a vacuum in the presence of a desired ligand alone or with a low-melting flux agent (e.g., 1,3,5-(t-Bu) 3 C 6 H 3, 1,2,4,5-Me 4 C 6 H 2) can generate base-free complexes. They readily react with oxygen, which accepts electrons to form ions with a 2- charge. Everyday Uses of Alkaline Earth Metals. Calcium, strontium and barium can react with water at room temperature. The alkaline earth metals are produced for industrial use by electrolytic reduction of their molten chlorides, as indicated in this equation for calcium: (21.3.2) C a C l 2 (l) → C a (l) + C l 2 (g) The group 2 metal chlorides are obtained from a variety of sources. Alkaline earth metals have low electrode potentials, and so are obtained by the electrolysis of the fused chlorides. Magnesium is one of the most plentiful elements found in the Earth’s crust and is a key component in chlorophyll, the substance in green plants used in photosynthesis. 4) A suspension of magnesium hydroxide in water (called milk of magnesia) is used as antacid in medicine. Uses of metals can be found in many ways in medicine. So metals are available as trace elements in the food we eat and water we drink. Mentzer graduated from Rutgers University with degrees in Anthropology and Biological Sciences. She worked as a researcher and analyst in the biotech industry and a science editor for an educational publishing company prior to her career as a freelance writer and editor. The positive and negative ions are attracted to each other, resulting in a bond that has a net charge of 0. It moderates cellular differentiation and proliferation and improves tissue sensitivity to circulating insulin. Strontium, barium, and magnesium are key ingredients for a colorful and intense firework show. Like their very reactive neighbors in column 1A (the alkali metals), the alkaline earth metals don't often occur in their pure, unionized form. They exist in +2 oxidation states. Calcium is used in the extraction of metals from their oxides which are difficult to reduce with carbon. A.P. Chlorides and fluorides of alkali and alkaline earth metals are added to reduce the melting point. 5) Magnesium hydroxide and magnesium carbonate are used in making toothpaste. Lithium is also used to make electrochemical cells. Barium is also an ingredient in paint pigments. The general outer electronic configuration of alkaline earth metal is ns 2. Alissa enjoys writing about life science and medical topics, as well as science activities for children. 1. 1. Magnesium-aluminum alloys are used for air craft construction. Required fields are marked *, 4) A suspension of magnesium hydroxide in water (called. Mg is used to prepare alloys with Al, Zn, Mn and Sn. By Megan Ray Nichols• Feb 1, 2018• No comments. The alkaline earths possess many of the characteristic properties of metals.Alkaline earths have low electron affinities and low electronegativities.As with the alkali metals, the properties depend on the ease with which electrons are lost.The alkaline earths have two electrons in the outer shell. Copper-beryllium alloys are used in the preparation of high strength springs. Alkaline earth metals are shiny, soft or semi-soft metals that are insoluble in water. These metals are shiny and have silvery-white luster. Barium sulfate is commonly used to aid in using X-rays to detect problems in the digestive tract. , Your email address will not be published. The next most common is potassium, which is 2.6 percent of Earth’s crust. English chemist Sir Humphry Davy was the first to isolate many of the alkaline earth metals including calcium, strontium, magnesium, and barium. A suspension of magnesium hydroxide in water is known as milk of magnesia. Beryllium increases the hardness of alloys that are used to make tools and watch springs. A … This compound is insoluble in water and coats the esophagus, stomach and intestines when swallowed. Alkaline earth metals also react vigorously with oxygen. Uses of alkaline earth metals - definition Some important uses of alkaline earth metals are: 1. We use different types of metal every single day, from the frame of our cars to the silverware we typically use to eat lunch. Last Updated on May 3, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 4 Comments. They are generally harder and less reactive than the metals in in group IA, such as sodium, and are softer and more reactive than the metals in group IIIA, such as aluminum. The resulting compounds are called oxides. Magnesium is useful in healthcare as it is one of the main ingredients in antacids, laxative and Epsom salts. In its elemental form, beryllium is a soft metal, silvery white in color. Uses of alkaline earth metals Magnesium (Mg): It is the second most common cation in intracellular fluid. Soon after its discovery by the Curies in the late 1800s, radium was used for medical therapies and to make glow-in-the-dark clocks and watches. Today radium is used in the treatment of certain types of cancers. 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